The horse is a hoofed mammal that is characterized by long tails, short hair, muscular trunks, and long and thick necks. Horses are found all over the world. Horses have been found on Earth more than 50 million years ago, so they were discovered in North America and then spread in Both Asia and Europe, and the length of horses from the hoof to the shoulder can reach 175 cm, and their weight may reach 998 kg, but there is one of the horse breeds small in size so that their length does not exceed 76 cm from the hoof to the shoulder, and their weight does not exceed 54 kg, as well. There are more than 400 different breeds of horses in the world. Horses are known as very social animals as they exist in the wild in the form of groups called flocks, and the herd consists of 3 to 20 individuals of females and their young, and the herd is usually led by an adult horse called the stallion Horses are also known as herbivores that feed on plants, so the horse must be fed throughout the day to obtain an adequate amount of food to produce the necessary energy for it, and the pregnancy period in horses usually lasts about 11 months, and the young horses are called ponies, so that the foal becomes an adult when Report 3 to 5 years of age, but the stallion expels the male foals from the herd after the foal reaches the age of two years until each of them forms a herd with a number of females at a later time
The first horse breeds in the world were developed in Central Asia, as the wild horses were small in size, lightweight, and plump body, so humans have paired them to obtain the qualities they desire. Light horses, heavy horses, intermediate horses, and in what follows are some of the most important examples of horse breeds:
- Arabian horses: This type of horse is distinguished by intelligence and its ability to endure, and it was developed in the Arabian Peninsula by the seventh century AD, and this type of horse is distinguished from the rest of the breeds by having 23 vertebrae while other strains have 24 vertebrae in its body, and this horse can be described by its small size His protruding eyes and short back is gray for this type of horse.
- Thoroughbred horses: This type of horse is bred for racing or used to improve local breeds, and it is a horse with a small head, a deep chest, and a straight back, and its legs contain short bones that allow it to take long steps, and this type of horse is dominated by the chestnut and brown color.
- Anglo-Arabian horse: This breed originated in France by pairing English thoroughbred horses with pure Arabian horses, so that their size is larger than Arabians and smaller than purebreds, and they have a maroon color, and this horse is distinguished by its ability to carry heavy weights on its back.
Horses all over the world play a role in many human activities, and countries that rely on horses in many fields have developed clothes suitable for horse riding such as waist belts and headgear, and in what follows are some of the uses of the horse in different fields:
Sports: Horses are trained in a variety of sporting competitions, such as show jumping and dressage. Winning these competitions depends on the style and ability of both the horse and the rider, and a large part of the economy is linked to the betting associated with these races.
Jobs: There are many jobs that horses do well, such as helping the police in crowd control, working as taking care of livestock, and in agriculture, and they can also replace cars in rough terrain. Wars: Horses were used in wars in most of the ancient historical periods, and although horses were replaced by modern vehicles and devices, horses are still used in some military fields, such as reconnaissance activities, movement in areas with rugged terrain, and celebrations.
Entertainment and culture: Horses are used to reenact historical periods in cinematic and literary works. Horses are also used to preserve cultural and ceremonial traditions. Some countries, such as the United Kingdom, still use horses to pull carriages to transport kings and VIPs.
Therapeutic use: Horses are used to motivate people with special needs, whether for mental or physical reasons. Riding a horse may help improve balance and increase self-confidence. Horses are also used to help treat some mental illnesses such as anxiety disorders, mood and some behavioral problems.
The right environment for raising horses
Horses need a special shelter to protect them from natural phenomena such as wind and rain, and they also need large areas to train and maintain their health, it is possible to keep these animals in a barn or stable, and these barns and stables are often well ventilated, as it is possible for horses to suffer respiratory problems In the event that the environment in which they live is damp and unclean, and horses require the availability of clean water, herbs or fodder all the time, the horses must be fed daily, but in small quantities at intervals, instead of feeding them a large amount at once. Horses’ hair usually increases in density in the winter, which helps maintain their warmth, but in some cases, such as illness, old age, and various injuries, and in the case of deliberate cutting of hair, a special blanket must be placed for horses in order to protect them from the cold, and in the summer, they must be available to the horses Shaded areas that you can resort to at any time.