The scorpion is an arthropod and is closely related to spiders, moths and ticks, and it is believed that it is common in the desert, but it also lives in the Brazilian forests, British Columbia, North Carolina and even the Himalayas, and these tough, adaptive arthropods have been around for hundreds of millions of years, and there are nearly 2000 species of Scorpions, but only 30 or 40 species have a venom strong enough to kill anyone, and their average size is about 6 cm. African species found in Guinea, with a body length of about 18 cm and a mass of 60 grams, and most types of scorpions found in deserts and other arid regions are yellowish or light brown in color; Those in humid or mountainous habitats are brown or black in color.
The scorpion is characterized by a curved, segmented and slanted tail that ends with a needle through which it stings what it encounters, and its legs end with pincers that resemble pincers, and in addition to these characteristics, scorpions are distinguished by several other characteristics and behaviors that distinguish them from other arthropods, which are as follows:
Scorpions are opportunistic predators that feed on any small animal they can capture, including common prey such as insects as well as spiders and other scorpions, and they also feed on less common prey such as snails and small vertebrates such as lizards, snakes and rodents, and scorpions remain motionless until the appropriate victim moves to an area Ambush, and scorpions lack traditional jaws, and their feeding habits are fabricated as the prey chews with the quantities of digestive fluid that is emptied and then the victim’s soft parts are disassembled, liquefied and absorbed in the stomach through a pumping process, and in addition, the victim is gradually reduced to a ball of digestible materials. The eating process of scorpions is slow and often takes hours.
Habitat of Scorpio
The main habitat for scorpions is desert areas, and in addition, scorpions have adapted to temperate, subtropical and tropical environments such as grasslands, savannahs and forests, and they live on all major lands except for Greenland and Antarctica, i.e. ice areas, and scorpions have been found at altitudes from sea level to 5000. Meter Scorpion sting All groups are exposed to a scorpion sting, and the category most vulnerable to a bite is the category of children and elderly people, and the person who is exposed to a scorpion bite feels and pricks it and it is somewhat very painful, and he will also notice swelling at the site of the sting, and to avoid the presence of scorpions it is advised to remove all rocks and wood gathered around The house, in addition to closing all cracks and repairing windows and doors so that scorpions do not enter the house easily, and in the event that anything stored there for a long time is taken out there, it is preferable to shake it first.
Types of scorpions
- Emperor scorpion: The emperor scorpion resides in the African continent, and it is one of the largest scorpions, its length is about 20 cm, and it is less poisonous than other scorpions, which makes it a pet.
- Arizona bark scorpion: Arizona bark scorpion is found in the Sonora Desert in the United States and Mexico. It is a medium-sized scorpion, its males grow to about 8 cm in length. It can often be seen hidden under rocks, firewood, tree bark and other flat places, and people often come across it in their homes.
- Orangutra Scorpion: The wood scorpion is a brown scorpion found in southeastern Australia. It lives in piles of tree leaves or under wood debris on the forest floor, and the orangutan is also found in parks near cities.
- Arabian scorpion: This type of scorpion is characterized by its small size, and tends to a pale-yellow color, and its poison is relatively weak, and it is often found in wild areas, in places where waste and excreta collect and areas where wood is abundant.
- Giant desert scorpion: Giant desert hairy scorpion is a large scorpion inhabiting the deserts of Sonora and Mohave in North America, and its length reaches 15 cm. This scorpion has adapted to the hot and dry desert climate, and remains in its burrow during the day but emerges at night looking for prey.
- Black scorpion: The black scorpion is endemic specifically to North Africa and the Middle East, this type of scorpion is poisonous, but it does not pose a threat to human life, and it has many sizes, and its length is about 9 cm, it lives in rocky areas and valleys.